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Kiribati

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Country Profile

Pronounced as Kiribasi

EEZ: 
3.6 million sq. km
Capital: 
Tarawa in the Gilbert Group. (Bairiki being the main Government administrative center and Betio being the main commercial centre)
Country Code: 
KI
Land Area: 
811 sq. km
Language: 
I-Kiribati and English
Currency: 
AUD
Energy Administration: 
Energy Planning Unit under the ministry of Public Works and Utilities
Country Climate: 
The climate varies somewhat from north to south with more rainfall to the north on average. The Phoenix Group averages only around 800 mm/year while as much as 3,000 mm/year may fall in the northernmost islands. The entire country, especially Kiritimati Island, finds its rainfall to be affected strongly by the El Niño/El Niña cycle (ENSO) as shown by the cyclic nature of droughts that correlate with ENSO. Winds are variable and seasonal with October to March the Aumeang or northerly and easterly wind season (a wetter season) and April to September the Aumaiaki or southerly and easterly wind season. Typhoons are not a risk in Kiribati but extended droughts do occur, so maintaining a fresh water supply is a continuing problem for residents.
Country Geography: 
Kiribati consists of 33 islands of which 20 are inhabited. Islands are low-lying atolls with the exception of Banaba.
Country Government: 
Independent republic and member of Commonwealth
Country Max Height above Sea-level: 
87 m (Banaba)
Country International Dialling Code: 
+686
Country Main Boundaries: 
Kiribati is classified into three main island groups consisting of the Gilberts, Phoenix and Line Islands. this is spread over an ocean area 4,200 km east to west and 2,000 km north to south.
Country Location: 
Longitude 173o –177o E and latitude 4o N–3o S
Country Type: 
PICT