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Tonga National Energy Bill

Amali Shaw's picture
Submitted by Amali Shaw on August 25, 2016 - 9:46am
Project Information
Project Level: 
National
Project Status: 
Ongoing
Start Year: 
2015
End Year: 
2018

Tonga Energy Sector Legal Framework - Tonga National Energy Bill. The key arrangements for energy are mainly set out in the Electricity Act 2007, the Renewable Energy Act 2008 and the Petroleum Act 1988, and subsequent amendments. These Acts form the backbone of the energy sector in Tonga.

There are also a large number of legislative documents that must be considered to understand the complete arrangements of the energy sector. Legislation that directly or indirectly contributes to shape the energy sector spans issues ranging from price control, to consumer protection, to business and enterprise development, to environmental protection and safety. Each of these individual legal instruments creates institutions that govern a particular area of energy, resulting in a complex institutional, legal and regulatory environment. 

This project stems from the TERM and Cabinet Decission. 

Key PRINCIPLE of TERM:
  • Clear, appropriate and effective institutional, legal and regulatory frameworks that defines the roles of Government, TPL and the private sector
Key OBJECTIVE of TERM:
  • Urgent reform the energy sector with the aim of updating and consolidating all functions of the sector (Activity 2 under Phase 0 of TERM)
Key TERM-C DECISION:
  • In December 2012 TERM-C approves the drafting of an Energy Bill
CABINET DECISION 476 IN May 2015:
  • Cabinet approves principles of the reform and for work to progress

The Government of Tonga requested World Bank and SPC assistance to develop the key elements and building blocks, based on international best practices and the wider regional context, that support the development of an Energy Framework Bill. 

3 phases of the project:

  1. Phase 1 : Preparation – to be focused on the analysis of the current energy framework, to identify issues, gaps and priorities for the reform to focus on
  2. Phase 2 : Identification of policy and reform – to be focused on articulating the proposal for reform from the Energy Department, to be agreed across Government, and
  3. Phase 3 : Preparation  of the Bill – to be focused on drafting and approval of the Energy Framework Bill.
Type of Funding: 
Technical assistance

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